Arizona SciTech Blog
This blog is courtesy of the Arizona SciTech Festival.
Guest Author: Roy W. Smolens, Jr., science writer, Arizona SciTech
Are you ready to jump into the game? In case you missed it, the 2015 Super Bowl will be played at the University of Phoenix stadium. The Arizona Science Center is hosting the most extensive exhibition ever built about America’s most popular sport, “Gridiron Glory: The Best of the Pro Football Hall of Fame.” This exhibit tells a remarkable story of the game – how it has evolved and how it has found a place in the conscience of the nation. This groundbreaking exhibition will be held daily, 10:00am-5:00pm, from January through May, 2015.
The Pro Football Hall of Fame, as part of its 50th Anniversary celebration, is currently touring the largest traveling football exhibition. Featuring NFL Films video footage and a series of interactive displays, Gridiron Glory tackles the science behind the game. With over 200 of the rarest artifacts from the Pro Football Hall of Fame, including legendary gear, photos, and documents chronicling the cultural phenomenon that is football today. The exhibit captures the essence of the Hall of Fame experience.
Many of the artifacts are being exhibited for the first time. This interactive multimedia experience also includes new material from NFL Films, immersive fan experiences and a specially-designed “Hometown Tribute” section to spotlight the local team. “We’re always looking for new and innovative ways to extend the experience of the Hall of Fame beyond our walls in Canton,” said Joe Horrigan, vice president-communications/exhibits at the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
This window into time, charts the history of the game, artifacts including a 100-year-old leather helmet, early versions of the football, a Tiffany’s-crafted Vince Lombardi Trophy, game balls and jerseys. One exhibit focuses on technological breakthroughs, including ones that failed, while another examines the broader cultural implications of the game, such as efforts to integrate African-Americans into the previously all-white league.
Whether you’re a child or an adult, male or female, there’s a lot here to learn about the history and science of football.
*Daily from 10:00am-5:00pm from January through May, 2015 Info: azscience.org Tel.: (602) 716-2000
Por Carmen Cornejo, Coordinadora STEM con la comunidad Hispana
Sabemos que tenemos buenas historias que contar. Nosotros sabemos de héroes anónimos, gente común y corriente realizando trabajos extraordinarios que los distingue y los convierte en ejemplos a seguir por otros. Nosotros en Arizona, también sabemos que frecuentemente las cosas son difíciles, pero a pesar de esto, nos las ingeniamos para realizar trabajos con éxito y cumplir con nuestra misión.
Una de nuestras historias está programada para debutar en la pantalla de plata. Spare Parts es la historia de ficción basada en los hechos reales del club de robótica de la escuela High School Carl Hayden y de cómo ese equipo le ganó a estudiantes de las mejores universidades del país en una competencia de robots bajo el agua. La película comenzará a exhibirse en Enero 16 a través de la nación, después de una emocionante premier en Enero 6en los cines Tempe Harkins Theaters 16.
La película, estelarizada y producida por el comediante George López cuenta la historia de 4 jóvenes inmigrantes de la escuela High School al oeste de Phoenix quienes, guiados por un maestro llamado Fredi Cameron, logran competir en contra de los estudiantes de las más importantes universidades del país en una competencia de robos bajo el agua. Nosotros en Arizona sabemos que “Fredi Cameron” es un personaje de película, compuesto por los maestros de la vida real Fredi Lajvardi y Dr. Allan Cameron, quienes por décadas se han dedicado a enseñar promover la ciencia y tecnología.
También estelarizando en Spare Parts están los actores Marisa Tomei, Jamie Lee Curtis, y jóvenes actores que dan vida en la pantalla a Lorenzo Santillán, Luis Aranda, Cristian Arcega and Oscar Vázquez.
La película viene después de múltiples exhibiciones exitosas del documental Underwater Dreams dirigido por Mary Mazzio, quien lleva la saga de los 4 de Carl Hayden en gran detalle además de lo que pasa en la vida de los protagonistas después de la competencia y los efectos transformadores de sus acciones una década atrás. También existe un libro a la venta llamado Spare Parts por el escritor Josh Davies el cual está adquiriendo buenas críticas.
La mejor parte de todo es que son nuestras historias. Todos nosotros que apoyamos la educación en las áreas de ciencia y tecnología nos encontramos con chicos como los de Carl Hayden en las escuelas de nuestras comunidades: llenos de talento y de potencial. Nosotros trabajamos, damos nuestro tiempo como voluntarios y/o pertenecemos a consejos de organizaciones para ayudar a aquellos que podrían verse como “de bajos recursos” y los ayudamos a sacar su mayor potencial, aun en campos tan difíciles como los de ciencia, tecnología ingeniería y matemáticas (STEM).
Así que ésta es nuestra oportunidad de celebrar en grande, ir al cine, recomendar el documental, el libro y seguir trabajando.
By Carmen Cornejo, Hispanic Community Outreach
We know we have good stories to tell. We know of unsung heroes, common people doing extraordinary things that set them apart to become role models for others. We are Arizonans and we know sometimes things are difficult but we manage to successfully do the job.
One of our Arizona stories is now set for the silver screen. Spare Parts, the fictionalized account of the Carl Hayden High School Robotics team win against top universities in an underwater robotics competition will be showing at movie theaters all over the country, starting January the 16th, after an exciting worldwide premiere, on January the 6th at Tempe Harkins Theaters 16.
The movie, starred and produced by George Lopez, tells the story of 4 immigrant kids from a High School in west Phoenix who, guided by an inspiring mentor Fredi Cameron, manage to compete against top college students in a sophisticated tech competition. We know “Fredi Cameron” is the composite character for Fredi Lajvardi and Dr. Allan Cameron, decades long STEM teachers and mentors (wink-wink).
Also starring on Spare Parts are Marisa Tomei, Jamie Lee Curtis and young actors playing the parts of Lorenzo Santillan, Luis Aranda, Cristian Arcega and Oscar Vazquez.
The movie comes after a very successful documentary called Underwater Dreams by director Mary Mazzio, who brings the Carl Hayden 4 saga in great detail plus what happened to the lives of the persons involved, the transformative ripple effects of their actions. Also a book called Spare Parts by Josh Davies is being sold, achieving good reviews.
The best part of the all is that is one of our stories. We all STEM supporters encounter kids like the Carl Hayden four, talented, young people full of potential all the time. We work, volunteer and serve on non-profit boards so kids that may look underprivileged raise to the top and achieve great things even in difficult fields as science, technology, engineering and math (STEM).
So this is the opportunity to celebrate big, to recommend the movie, the documentary, the book, roll up our sleeves and keep working.
Guest Author: Lisa Herrmann, science writer, Arizona SciTech
If one looks across intellectual history, it seems that times of great collaboration throughout the scientific community correlate with some of the greatest periods of innovation. In the seventeenth century, inventors such as Galileo would share ideas within their scientific community, building upon each other’s notions and gadgets. This is the spirit that underlies today’s ‘Maker’ culture; networking, sharing, peer-to-peer interactions inspiring creativity and continual development.
Communications Manager, Rachel Sutherland, similarly describes the culture of Intel Corporation: “Intel is all about being open to new ideas, and creative problem solving. It’s not a competition, it’s about great ideas and bringing the best ideas forward.” It’s this spirit of collaboration that has spurned Intel’s involvement with today’s ‘maker community’. In fact, Sutherland explains that Intel considers themselves to be a company that was founded by makers. “Our employees are making the brains of computers and computing devices for their day job; then they take those skills to apply to their hobby as makers. That’s why the maker community is such a perfect fit for Intel and Intel employees. It’s just this wide open forum where anything goes. You can apply your creativity and ingenuity and make things happen. Making is very near and dear to Intel because we have so many makers within our ranks.”
Intel is also contributing unique technology for use within the maker community, such as their aptly named ‘Galileo Board’. This development and prototyping board was specifically designed by Intel for makers, students, educators, and DIY electronics enthusiasts. “The Galileo Board is a development that allows you to computerize your invention,” Sutherland describes. “You can apply computing power to something that would otherwise just be a static device, making it even more interesting and powerful and creative. All that computing power can turn a simple mechanical device into some kind of automated device, almost becoming intelligent itself.”
Intel will feature the Galileo Board at its booth at the Chandler Epic Fest, part of the Arizona SciTech Festival, on February 7 in downtown Chandler, “right in our backyard,” Sutherland proudly declares. “We’re really focused on getting makers around the world connected to Intel technology because it’s powerful and it can enable so much. Additionally, we’ll be inviting our employees to showcase their creations at individual booths at the event.”
“The atmosphere of a maker fair is very inspiring,” Sutherland tells. “It’s really such a tight knit community of people who identify themselves as makers. It’s not about competition – it’s about creativity and celebrating everyone’s success and just marveling at the cool ideas that people can come up with. It’s not about who has ‘the best’ – it’s about recognizing your peers and their brilliance, their creativity, and their dedication.”
As a Bronze level sponsor, Intel is a proud supporter of SciTech Fest in Arizona, “because it’s a celebration of STEM, of creativity, of community and it brings together everything that goes into making Intel technology great. It’s sharing ideas, its showcasing ideas, and it’s about including everyone – all ages, all backgrounds, everyone’s welcome. There’s no exclusive club here – it’s for everyone.”
And you never know where that next great idea is going to come from.
Guest Author: Ann Marie Cunningham.
Interviewee: Rick Heuman, vice mayor, Chandler, Arizona, which hosts the Chandler Science Spectacular.
How did you get involved in AZSciTechFest?
I went to Brooklyn Tech, long before Brooklyn became gentrified and hip. The high school’s neighborhood was severely economically deprived. I came out to Arizona in the 1970s to attend ASU. I liked the West, and I liked the fresh air.
Chandler is in the East Valley, along with Tempe and Mesa. There are now 1.7 million people in the East Valley. When I took office, Chandler didn’t have a fiduciary school district. I thought an education coalition between business and the schools would make sense, especially since we have two universities and community colleges in the East Valley.
The education coalition launched four years ago, right before AZSciTechFest. Jeremy came to see us, and talked about how the Fest could be a tool for economic development as well. Cities could showcase what they do best, and we want to teach kids to be problem-solvers.
Southwestern Arizona is known as “Silicon Desert,” and education is strongly tied to economic development here. Our large high-tech industry can’t stay in our state if the labor force isn’t here.
So Chandler’s mission is two-fold. First of all, we want people to understand STEM. Secondly, we want them to understand that STEM is involved in every aspect of their lives, especially careers — even if they just work in an office on a computer.
What does the Chandler Science Spectacular involve?
We are a two-day event. The last couple of years, Intel has been a sponsor. We keep all events in a concentrated geographic area, so people don’t have to drive. There is as much for kids as possible. It’s all free.
The first year, on opening night, four or five local high-technology and microchip companies opened their doors to any and all visitors for the first time. They had something like 11,000 employees, but on that night, what they did was open to all. Everyone could see what they did, and how they did it.
On Friday, we hold an Art Walk, focusing on the science of art. That’s the largest event we have right now. There are sculptural welding and glass blowing demos – lots of technology involved. In Chandler, we do have the Center for the Arts, which schools use during the day.
Tempe held a terrific event on the art and science of baseball. I played for ASU’s baseball team and never had a free weekend, so that was very important to me.
Saturday is devoted to schools and business. There’s a six-hour fair that involves 60 companies and all the local schools and colleges. Everything is hands-on, from rockets to forensics. Everyone loves hands-on. We had the U.S. Army last year, and we want the Air Force this year, with all their resources.
Last year, we tied the Science Spectacular to the car show, which was held downtown. It’s important to utilize what you have; don’t reinvent the wheel. On Saturday, we got 10,000 people. Usually the car show draws 1,000 to 5,000 people per day.
What’s the best way for a start-up science festival to emphasize STEM’s importance to economic development?
You’re a convenor, an aggregator of STEM content. You need buy-in on the electoral side. You need the school districts. Find out what each city does best. Then you go to the companies, and recruit them.
Meet with people who are already running festivals and farmers’ markets in the community. Find out what STEM ingredients you can bring to what they’re doing. They may be able to help you with marketing and budget.
Have one keystone event where everyone, all your partners, are doing something together – a fair, an expo, a science pavilion, something sparkly.
STEM Matters Manager: Marisa Ostos
Stem cell research has been a highly-debated topic of conversation among politicians, scientists, and the everyday citizen. You may have heard about the many contributions stem cell research has made in the health field, such as its success in helping bone marrow transplant patients. On another note, you may also have heard of people’s disapproval of stem cell research due to the way it can be conducted. But rather than listening to others state that stem cell research is “good” or “bad,” let’s delve into the basics of what stem cells are and how stem cell research works.
From the moment of conception, each one of us starts out as a single, fertilized cell known as a zygote. This single-celled zygote contains the basic genetic material (DNA) from both our father and our mother, which ultimately helps us develop into the person we are today. In less than two days, the single zygote cell divides into two cells, which only 15 hours later divides yet again. After just one week, what was once a single cell has now become a blastocyst, a “berry-like” structure the size of a pin that is composed of hundreds of cells! It is the blastocyst that eventually makes its way down to the woman’s uterus where from there, a baby will continue to grow until its birth.
We humans are made of billions upon billions of cells, each serving a specific function for the continued growth and development of our body. One of these types of cells within are body are stem cells, “immature cells that have the potential to become specialized into different types of cells throughout the body” (American Medical Association). Groups of cells together form the different tissues that make up our body, and the reason these stem cells are so special is because they, as immature cells, can either literally become any type of cell in the body (which is what embryonic stem cells do), or can serve to repair specific tissues within our body because of their dividing and specializing capabilities (which is what adult stem cells do).
Of course, scientists do obtain stem cells from different resources, which is where the controversy often comes into play. Of the two types of stem cells (adult vs embryonic), adult stem cells can easily be removed from our own tissue with very little, if any effect on us (*Note: the sample size of the tissue can be quite small). Embryonic stem cells, on the other hand, are “derived from multicellular embryos that have been cultured in the laboratory.” No, a researcher does not take cells from an embryo that is already growing inside of a mother. Rather, these stem cells may come from a variety of sources: Spare embryos created via in vitro fertilization that were not needed for infertility treatment; Adult tissue such as bone marrow; An empty egg cell into which DNA from an adult cell is placed; Mature adult cells that were pre-programmed to behave like stem cells (cool, huh?); Blood cells from an umbilical cord; etc. Yes, there are a variety of places that these stem cells come from, but do know, too, that any scientist who does research follows guidelines to do their research in the most ethical, humane, and respectful manner possible.
Now that you know where stem cells come from and that they can become or help repair almost any type of cell in the body (such as cell that replaces disfunctional bone marrow or a cell that helps repair the lining of the heart), what are they used for? Well, the possibilities for their use are endless! Right now, stem cells “provide life-saving treatments for patients with leukemia, lymphoma, other blood disorders, and some solid tumors.” They help in bone marrow transplants…. With their potential to become any type of cell in the body, it is also possible that these cells can ultimately help to prevent or cure diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, strokes, hearing loss, arthritis, and so much more. Maybe one day these single cells can be used to replace a leg someone may have lost years ago, or even more, maybe they can be used to create a brand new human heart! Scientists are already doing the research to solve these problems using stem cells!
So yes, while various sources of stem cells can be debatable, it is important to remember again that scientists who do stem cell research do so in the most ethical and human way possible, and even more, they are uncovering each day more and more information that may eventually help prevent or cure hundreds upon hundreds of the world’s problems today, all because of a single cell. What a wonder science is!
*Source: “Basics of Stem Cell Research,” American Medical Association.
Por: Carmen Cornejo. Coordinadora de Relaciones con la Comunidad Hispana, AZSciTech
Arnold’s Pickle House es un edificio que trae muchos recuerdos, que está en la esquina de Van Buren y la calle 14th. Es un almacén viejo y abandonado decorado con una imagen antigua de un pepino con ojos, boca, brazos y piernas, corriendo con una gorra de béisbol. Adentro, pepinos solían ser procesados y transformados en “pickles”-pepinillos, años atrás.
El edificio ha sido abandonado hace tiempo, pero gracias a Chicanos por la Causa (CPLC), una de las más importantes organizaciones de desarrollo comunitario de Arizona, pronto volverá a la vida como un centro de creación, de STEM, de desarrollo de productos e ideas.
Chicanos por la Causa cerró el trato de adquirir el edificio el pasado mes de Noviembre gracias a un estímulo monetario del gobierno federal de 3 millones del Departamento de Comercio y Desarrollo Económico, con el propósito de crear un espacio como los llamados “maker” para la creación de productos e incubar negocios.
“La idea es crear nuevos negocios aquí. Las maquinarias y equipo que estarán disponibles en este edificio darán la oportunidad a emprendedores para construir prototipos, desarrollar productos que podrán ser vendidos”, dijo David Adame, Jefe de Desarrollo de Chicanos por la Causa.
“Si vienes con una nueva idea y diseñas un prototipo, te ayudaremos a hacer una impresión en 3 dimensiones. Entonces tú podrás ir a promover tu idea. Nosotros te podremos ayudar con órdenes de manufactura”, explico David.
CPLC está planeando a mantener elementos del edificio antiguo, incluyendo el nombre y el pepinillo para conectar el pasado con el presente y el futuro.
Este centro representa una gran oportunidad para la comunidad central de Phoenix al ofrecer un espacio creador o “maker space”, hacer crecer el movimiento emprendedor en Arizona y atraer creadores de las escuelas high schools, colegios comunitarios, universidades y expertos del público en general.
CPLC planea que los trabajos de construcción comenzarán después de las fiestas decembrinas y espera tener el espacio listo para usarse para Junio del 2015.
Guest Author: Carmen Cornejo, AZSciTechFest Hispanic Outreach, Principal, Critical Mass Communications, LLC
Arnold’s Pickle House is an iconic building right on Van Buren and 14th Street, an old warehouse decorated with a vintage looking drawing of a pickle dude with eyes, mouth, arms and legs running in a cap. Inside cucumbers were processed and transformed in pickles, years ago.
The building has been abandoned for years but thanks to Chicanos por la Causa (CPLC), one of Arizona’s top community development organizations, soon it will come back to life as a center for STEM and entrepreneurship.
Chicanos por la Causa just closed on the building mid-November thanks to a 3 million federal grant from the US Department of Commerce’s Economic Development Administration, with the purpose of creating a maker space and business incubator.
“The idea is to create new businesses here. It will give entrepreneurs the opportunity to build a prototype, create a product and try to sell it,” said David Adame, CPLC’s Chief Economic Development Officer.
“If you come in with a new idea and bring the prototype in, we can make a 3D printing of it. Then you go out and pitch it. We can later help with manufacturing orders,” David explained.
CPLC is planning to keep elements of the old building, including the name and the pickle dude to connect the past with the present and the future.
This space represents a great opportunity for Phoenix by offering a maker space, nurture the maker movement in the central area of the valley and attract young creators from high-schools, colleges and universities in addition with experts.
CPLC is planning work on the building will begin after the holidays and expects to have the maker space up and running by June 2015.
Guest Author: Theodore “Ted” C. Kraver, Ph.D.
The recent election pitches on school testing had Common Core against Arizona homebrew assessment. The arguments, being political, were political smack downs not dreary rationalizations. Let’s use dreary to size up the real situation. Standardized student tests are used to determine how well students, teachers, administrators and schools have done in the past. In education parlance they are called summative tests because they sum-up what happened in the past. Higher-ups use them to support statistical judgments on policy, curriculum, educators, schools, and student learning. These adults from parents to politicians make broad comparisons and decisions that have little effect on improving the individual learning of students. If summative assessments don’t work then what assessments do?
There is a complementary type of assessment that focuses just on supporting student learning call formative and is used only by the student and teacher during the learning process. Formative assessments are real time and provide direction of what to do in the future learning minutes. Is supports forming the learning process. Unfortunately legacy book based education does not have the means to deliver effective formative assessment in a 30 student classroom. In fact research studies show one-on-one student teacher classroom interaction averages one minute per day. But the most effective 21st century digital curriculum based education does. Development by the military and university researchers uses a “scaffolding” type of formative assessment. The real time student problem solving actions are assessed by superficial intelligence systems. The digital curriculum then provides the next learning step. It could be a repeat part of the lesson, hints, acceleration to a high level, move on to that next subject or other type of individualized support.
This use of educational technology can be very effective in most STEM (simulations) areas as well as history (dynamic maps), reading (automated dictionaries) and writing (computer assessed essays).
But transformation to digital curriculum requires a systemic change in the classroom. There must be significant investment in broadband computer interfaces for each student, educator education and training, and digital curriculum. Exemplar schools like Wilson District, Vail Empire High, Carpe Diem charter school in Yuma and others have shown this system can produce outstanding results with challenged populations. But our disjointed statewide education system does not provide a pathway for these exemplar schools to influence the transformation of the rest of Arizona’s 2100 schools.
Other industries thrive on technology innovation. What if we had just stuck to summative data systems of yesteryear that counted the planes that took off and landed on time, the passengers flown and miles covered? Instead aviation engineers focused on innovation of the then primitive navigation and flight monitoring formative assessment technology (city names painted on roofs and “steam” gages in the cockpit). Radar systems provided real formative information on weather and positions of other aircraft. GPS assures precise navigation. Warning sensors monitor every aspect of vital aircraft systems
What if our leaders could switch their fussing with ineffective summative data and implement a system transformation based on formative assessment for each teacher-student nexus? As real time decision support rippled through our education system their summative numbers would go through the roof. They could then refocus on other nagging issues like climate change, prisons and immigration.
STEM Matters Manager: Marisa Ostos
Here’s a fun experiment: How long can you last without yawning (and why do we yawn in the first place)? Did you yawn upon reading the title?
Yawning is a fascinating thing that one may often do when they need to catch some shut-eye, but what about those times when a yawn is caused by seeing someone else yawn? It is known that yawning can be contagious, but did you know that a variety of factors play into its “contagiousness”?
Our bodies work to maintain homeostasis (stability), and this includes maintaining a stable body temperature. Our brains likewise work best at a certain temperature, and yawning is thought to cool your brain via processes such as the increase in heart rate and blood flow. With this, whether or not we yawn when someone else does may also be associated our own amount of empathy, the ability to feel or understand what another is feeling. On the neuroscience side, within our brains are cells called mirror neurons. These mirror neurons activate when we observe an action performed by someone else, and may also cause us to yawn when we see someone else yawn.
*Source: ASAP Science- Why Do We Yawn?