Arizona SciTech Blog
This blog is courtesy of the Arizona SciTech Festival.
News Release: June 26, 2015
Contact: Bonnie Stevens
Science Festival Book Captures Spirit of Discovery
First 25 Years Book Release at Flagstaff’s Science Legacy Talk July 18
FLAGSTAFF, Ariz. – Whether they are walking on the moon, chasing lava, racing toward tornadoes, tracking comets, battling superbugs, landing robots or discovering dinosaurs, world-class scientists have participated in the Flagstaff Festival of Science since it began a quarter of a century ago.
A new book, Flagstaff Festival of Science: The First 25 Years,captures the essence of the nation’s longest running, free science festival, traces the scientific roots of the “Skylight City” and shares stories and quotes from its famous participating scientists. The book was released during a free talk, “Flagstaff’s Science Legacy” by authors Kevin Schindler and Bonnie Stevens on Saturday, July 18, at Riordan Mansion State Historic Park.
“Thanks to unparalleled deposits of plants and stones and water and bones, to stunningly clear skies that unveil worlds beyond our own, Flagstaff has become a mecca for learning about the universe around us. This program will look at some of the exciting discoveries and dedicated scientists who built this legacy,” said Schindler.
Northern Arizona University President Emeritus Eugene Hughes, Ph.D., is credited with first bringing local scientists and media representatives together to explore the possibilities of a Flagstaff science festival. In the book’s foreword he writes, “You will see, as you read this brief history of the Flagstaff Festival of Science, that their work, and that of successive groups, has led to the development of one of the finest, if not the finest, festivals in the nation.”
Throughout the book, scientists share their love for adventure and gripping anticipation of what will happen next in their world of discovery. “Science is an adventure of the mind,” says retired U.S. Geological Survey research geologist and founding festival board member Ivo Lucchitta, Ph.D.
“I like it when I don’t know what I’m going to see. It’s like opening a present,” says storm chaser Warren Faidley. “Odds are you are not going to see something over the top…but you might. It’s about trying to be in the right place at the right time and being as prepared as you can be.”
Space Shuttle Astronaut John Grunsfeld, Ph.D., says, “It’s that curiosity that drives us all, and has driven us since we’ve been human.”
The book also introduces readers to individuals who grew up with the festival and are now enjoying science endeavors professionally and/or personally as adults. For 33-year-old Samantha Christensen, who began attending the festival when she was 8, meeting the scientists and being in their workspace made science real. “I could envision myself as a scientist,” she says.
Influenced by her festival experiences, Christensen earned a bachelor’s degree in applied mathematics at the University of Arizona where she also took astronomy courses. Today she manages the public education program at Lowell Observatory, designs space camps for kids and serves on the festival board of directors.
For 25 years, the Flagstaff Festival of Science has invited youth, their families, visitors and lifelong learners into laboratories, observatories, museums and out to the field to participate alongside scientists.
This year, the Flagstaff Festival of Science will be Exploring New Horizons, Sept. 18 – 27. Leading the way will be planetary scientist Alan Stern, Ph.D., the man who heads up the pioneering New Horizons spacecraft mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt.
“We’re on Pluto’s doorstep and we don’t know what we’re going to find,” says Stern, who is scheduled to deliver the Festival’s Shoemaker Keynote Presentation at 7 p.m., Friday, Sept. 18 in Northern Arizona University’s Ardrey Auditorium.
“It will be fascinating to see the best images that have been captured of the dwarf planet, and hear what scientists are finding out from this amazing journey into the Kuiper Belt where hundreds of other icy worlds exist,” says Festival President and meteorologist Brian A. Klimowski, Ph.D. “It is only fitting that some of the latest images and new information about Pluto will be coming back home to the town where Pluto was discovered.”
Flagstaff Festival of Science: The First 25 Years can be found at the Flagstaff Public Library and on the festival’s website at scifest.org. It is also available as a gift to festival donors at the $100 level and above.
“Inspiration for the book came from our rich community of scientists,” said Schindler. “NPR ScienceFriday Host Ira Flato drove it home when he said, “’You can’t get a cup of coffee in Flagstaff without bumping into a scientist.’”
Stevens says she has been in awe of the many local and visiting scientists who have shared their enthusiasm and knowledge with Flagstaff. “It seemed important to document their inspirational stories and messages. My favorite quote comes from Apollo Astronaut Alan Bean when asked what went through his head as he walked in the stillness of the moonscape. He said, ‘“On the moon, everything is gray. And then you realize, we live in the Garden of Eden.”
“I find the book just wonderful in subject, organization, writing, illustrations and design,” said Lucchitta. “The authors and the designer (Andi Kleinman) should be proud of what they have achieved, and so should Flagstaff.”
The free talk, “Flagstaff’s Science Legacy,” was hosted by the Flagstaff Festival of Science and Riordan Mansion State Historic Park, which is operated through a cooperative agreement with the Arizona Historical Society.
For more information, visit www.scifest.org.
Contact: Nancy Dudenhoefer
For Immediate Release: February 3, 2015
Six 8th grade students from Aprende Middle School have won “Best in Nation” for their entry into the Verizon Innovative App Challenge.
The team is one of four middle school teams selected for the “Best in Nation” honor. They were presented with a check for $20,000 at an assembly today at Aprende.
The students, Alex Agnick, Evan Stewart, Matt Hayes, Mitchell Laukonen, Quinn McGrath and Udayketan Mohanty, worked with faculty advisor, Eric Santos, on designing a mobile app intended to improve environmental sustainability. The app encourages users to engage in “green acts” such as picking up trash or opting for environmentally friendly modes of transportation.
The goal of the Challenge is to increase student interest and knowledge in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) subjects and mobile technology through an engaging and empowering learning experience. The Challenge demonstrates for students exciting opportunities for their futures in STEM careers.
Students are asked to develop an app that addresses a real need or problem in their school or community. While designing their apps, students consider marketplace need, usefulness, audience and viability and align their app concept with one of the three Verizon areas of focus–Education, Healthcare or Sustainability.
Faculty advisor, Eric Santos said, “I was impressed with the design process they went through. The team really dug into the social networking aspect of mobile apps and how it could link to tangible environmental change in their world. Their problem solving and marketing skills were fully engaged in this project.”
The $20,000 cash award may be used to assist in the conversion of their winning design into a live app. The award can also be used to enhance STEM education at their school.
In addition to the cash award, the students each received a Samsun Galaxy Tablet. Verizon Foundation will showcase the Best in Nation team winners on the Verizon Foundation websites, verizonfoundation.org.
The Kyrene Elementary School District is an excelling district serving more than 18,000 students in kindergarten through eighth grades at 25 schools. The District’s boundaries encompass parts of Tempe, Guadalupe, Ahwatukee, Chandler and the Gila River Indian Reservation. Kyrene accepts students who do not live within District boundaries through its Open Enrollment Program. To learn more about the Kyrene School District, visit or call 480/783-4000.
By Nikki Cassis, School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University
Did dinosaurs roam the Grand Canyon?
Well, the answer depends on whom you talk to. And how old they believe the majestic canyon to be.
Although it might be fun to imagine scientists and researchers arguing about whether giant reptiles were hanging around Arizona’s most famous landmark 65 million years ago, this isn’t a debate about dinosaur territories. It’s a question of when the deep walls of the Grand Canyon were eroded by the snaking Colorado River.
Recently two different groups published papers that suggested the Grand Canyon started forming more than 6 million years ago. One group said the canyon had eroded to nearly its current form by 70 million years ago, and another said it started eroding 17 million years ago. These papers have caused several groups to take a closer look at both old and new data sets – including researchers from Arizona State University.
“We are confident the western canyon is younger than 6 million years and is certainly younger than 18 million years,” said Andrew Darling, a graduate student in ASU’s School of Earth and Space Exploration. The research is published online June 10 in the journal Geosphere.
The problem with the assertion is that studying the age of the Grand Canyon isn’t easy.
Measuring time can be tricky when everything you’re studying is eroding away. And the whole region has been eroding for a long time, so not much is left of the landscape that was there when the Grand Canyon started forming. Yet, most people think the Grand Canyon is young – around 6 million years old based on what is preserved.
Guest Author: Theodore “Ted” Kraver, Ph.D.
The Arizona SciTech Festival crescendo of events has subsided. The school year is winding down and many transitions are taking place. I recently experienced a very personal reminder that science, engineering, technology and mathematics exist and must thrive in a much wider world. Take history. My grandson has graduated his 6th grade class as the top math student. He has also won a place on the state history team that will be traveling to Washington DC next month to compete in the national finals. His subject was the Maoist Revolution and the struggles of his grandparents and mother before they emigrated from Shanghai to Arizona in the early 1990’s. His sister is also graduating Chandler High School and will be attending Cal Poly in Southern Californian pursuing Aeronautical and Mechanical engineering. Cal Poly rates second to the U.S. Military Academy for engineering in public universities. Her strong suit is art and she expects this talent will strengthen her STEM education.
Last week I dropped in to visit my major professor at ASU who somehow got me through my PhD at age 57. Jami Shah teaches in the aeronautical/mechanical engineering department. One of Dr. Shah’s research projects is “student career decision making.” In colleges with both aeronautical and mechanical engineer the freshmen are equally split between the two majors. When junior year rolls the passion for either airplanes or cars has been replaced with the need for flexibility in the job market. Ninety percent graduate with a degree in mechanical engineering.
Dr. Shah also has a research project to supplement memorization type tests used to assess readiness for engineering college with tests that determine capabilities in:
- Divergent Thinking
- Quantitative Reasoning
- Spatial Visualization
- Problem Formulation
These four innate talents are vital for success as an engineer or scientist for their use of memorized STEM facts, formulas and procedures.
If the old truism holds, “A college is only as good as its incoming freshman class,” then the real challenge for Arizona is K-12 education. I attended the annual Arizona Capital Times “Morning Scoop” for K-12 education. Their panelists were Representative Heather Carter, Superintendent of Public Instruction Diane Douglas, President of Arizona Superintendents Association Roger Freemen, Chairman Arizona Board of Regents Jay Heiler, and the parent group of Support Our Schools Arizona executive director Doreen Zannis. The main topic was funding of K-12 education.
They discussed the recent deep cuts to all of Arizona education to balance the State budget deficits. The deficits had been created during the past years of recession that reduced tax revenues. They then shifted to the current situation and the future of K-12 education. Arizona is one of lowest states in per student funding. With low salaries our teacher talent level is down because it is hard to attract or retain the most qualified teachers. Disadvantaged kids who need higher funding to achieve an education equitable to the advantaged kids are not being served. About 10% of Arizona’s high schools produce 50% of students that achieve college degrees.
The Arizona K-12 funding system fluctuates with the economy and is not based on the needs of our students. The result is increasing class sizes, decreasing critical classroom and counselor support, and less effective facilities and technology. Local community property tax base provides much of the funding for their schools. This creates a financial disparity between rich and poor districts. Rich community high schools have 50% of graduates achieving college; the poorest communities experience a 18% rate. Funding has also been cut from the highly successful post high school technical training path, JTED.
The panel closed with, “Hope springs eternal…especially for the 2016 legislative session.” The economy is getting better and tax revenues are increasing. Diane Douglas is reviewing the tangled “mess” of tax rates, formulas and requirements that plague the Title 15 laws which govern Arizona K-12 education. There are a host of unfunded mandates that schools cannot address. Many laws thwart the Arizona Constitution’s mandate for a general and uniform school system. Forward looking education innovation such as emerging learning support technologies is hampered by the laws in our 103 year old Title 15.
Morning Scoop wrapped up by expressing a unanimous conviction. A new K-12 funding system will be crafted and put into law to replaces the current system by our 2016 legislators. Keep tuned!
Guest Author: Matt, Kids CoLab
There have been many things in my life that I’m passionate about, but one in particular is technology. I’ve been interested in technology since I was about five years old, when my dad built a model RC airplane, and it was the coolest! My dad and I then started building and flying them together, especially when we were in Flagstaff in the summer, where we kept our RV. Then a couple years ago we found a place called Gangplank. Gangplank is a collaborative work space for small companies to kick-start their business. At GP (Gangplank) we found a CNC laser cutter and a 3D printer to use for free. My dad taught himself to cut wood on the CNC, and around the same time I taught myself how to use the 3D printer to print cool objects, like a mini-ghost from Destiny (my favorite video game). That was the day the way I looked at technology changed – I started to realize there’s much more to technology then just RC planes, and I got really excited to explore what cool stuff is out there and how it all works. This is the story of me deciding to build my own computer.
I got the idea of building a computer from a friend I met in Flagstaff. We talked all the time about how he was going to build a computer. I got so intrigued to build one myself, so I did a lot of research and started watching online videos that explained what parts are in a computer, how to build one, and how to install software. Then I took the next step, which was very difficult – asking my parents! I was bombarded with a ton of questions like, why do you need another computer? What are you going to use it for? How much will it cost? Where will you get the money? I never actually thought about those details or exactly how I was going to build it, but I knew I would, so I went back to the drawing board and did more research. I showed my parents everything, and I then answered their questions with this: “I am going to build a computer to teach myself how to build one of the most advanced pieces of modern technology, and in the end it won’t matter what I use it for or how much it costs. What will matter is learning how to plan and construct one of these fantastic machines to further my passion of technology.”
My parents said that was a lofty goal but that I could try. I started saving money and looking for jobs around the house or anywhere else to help me earn more. I’m part of a program called Kids CoLab at Pearson, a company that creates educational apps. Kids CoLab is a voluntary activity that lets me help adult applications managers develop learning applications for children. (Read more about Kids CoLab in this article: http://www.myfoxphilly.com/story/27379572/2014/11/13/kids-help-design-reading-app). When it ends, Pearson is letting me choose a technology gift for my work. I am choosing money toward my computer. I also set up a fund at GoFundMe, which my mom knew about. So far, I raised $165 (http://www.gofundme.com/qwds47y)! I know it may take some time, but I am very confident I will achieve my dream of building my own computer!
Maker space TechShop Chandler, served as the setting for Governor Doug Ducey as he signed HB bill 2591, an intrastate crowdfunding bill where small businesses and entrepreneurs will be able to sell equity in their company over the Internet and receive funding from the general public. This bipartisan Bill provides exemptions from state statutory registration requirements for certain securities transactions. http://aztechbeat.com/2015/04/equity-crowdfunding-is-open-in-arizona
PhotoCourtesy: AZ Tech Beat:
Photo Caption: Shown here: Steve Zylstra (left), Governor Ducey (Center)
Submitted By: ASU Biodesign Institute, April 2015
All living things—from dandelions to reindeer—evolve over time. Cancer cells are no exception, and are subject to the two overarching mechanisms described by Charles Darwin: chance mutation and natural selection. Study of the evolution of blood-borne cancers like leukemia is providing new insights for diagnosis and treatment.
In new research, Carlo Maley, PhD., and his colleagues describe compulsive evolution and dramatic genetic diversity in cells belonging to one of the most treatment-resistant and lethal forms of blood cancer: acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
Read More Here: http://biodesign.asu.edu/news/cancers-relentless-evolution
PHOTO CREDIT AND PHOTO CAPTION AND PHOTO CREDIT:
Carlo Maley, researcher, ASU’s Biodesign Institute; associate professor, School of Life Sciences
Photo by: Michelle Saldana: The Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University
Submitted by: Arizona State University
Have you heard the buzz? Thanks to Phoenix’s rising temperatures, it’s bee season – and many residents are coming into contact with these complex creatures.
Fortunately, Arizona State University Provost Robert E. Page Jr. is a bee expert and has some fun facts to share.
- China produces the most honey in the world
China is by far the dominant honey producer at more than 430 million tons in 2012. In the U.S., there are more than 2.74 million colonies producing honey and the value of the U.S. 2014 honey crop stands at more than $385 million. North Dakota tops the charts in U.S. honey production.
- Bee colonies can be rented
According to the National Honey Board, the first colony rented out to help pollinate crops was in 1909. Bees are linked to agricultural crop production valued at $19 billion in the U.S. The California almond crop is entirely dependent on honeybee pollination and involves more than 1 million colonies of bees. ASU has developed a startup Pollen-Tech through the Edson Student Entrepreneurship Initiative to help pollinate crops.
- Honeybees aren’t native to the Americas
Honeybees were brought by European settlers during the 1600s. Europeans had developed techniques for managing bees and these so-called European honeybees were attractive because they could be kept in hives. Some Native American tribes called honeybees “the white man’s flies,” because the arrival of bees often heralded the encroachment of settlers.
- Africanized bees came to the US from Brazil
The Africanized honeybees were brought to Brazil and crossbred with European honeybees. It was thought they could better tolerate the hot tropical climate in South America. Several of these Africanized colonies escaped, swarmed into the Brazilian jungle and hybridized with local European colonies. Over the years, these colonies have been spreading northward, arriving in the U.S. in 1990 and Arizona in 1993.
Visit Research Matters to see the rest of the list! The first person known to study bees was Aristotle. He was curious about how they divided their tasks and organized their activities.
Photo by: Charles Kazilek
Por Carmen Cornejo, Coordinadora de Relaciones Hispanas, Arizona SciTechFest
Los padres jugamos un papel importante en guiar a nuestros hijos para que ellos tengan un buen desempeño escolar.
Nuestras actitudes positivas o negativas hacia las matemáticas también son transmitidas. Como padres debemos fomentar una actitud positiva hacia las matemáticas, la ciencia, la tecnología e ingeniería-lo que se conoce en inglés como STEM- y colaborar con nuestro granito de arena a que desarrollen todo su potencial.
Varias organizaciones e iniciativas han desarrollado guías para que los padres fomenten las matemáticas con sus hijos a varios niveles escolares. Me encontré esta guía en la internet. ¡Lee este folleto y ponlo en práctica! SIGUE LA LIGA.