Yuma Proving Ground and Barry Goldwater Complex
Yuma Proving Ground
1,300 square miles in size, the U.S. Army Yuma Proving Ground (YPG) is one of the largest military installations in the western world. Its mission is to ensure the success and dependability of weapon systems and munitions used by American military forces. The proving ground’s test and development facilities are capable of testing nearly everything in the Army’s combat arsenal, from main battle tanks and artillery pieces to unmanned aircraft, parachute systems and technologies that defeat roadside bombs.
The proving ground’s workforce is a thoroughly integrated team. Almost 2,800 people, the vast majority of whom are civilian and reside in Yuma, conduct 100 tests each day, with the full knowledge that America’s men and women in uniform are the proving ground’s ultimate customers.
Yuma Proving Ground’s history goes back to 1943. Today, the proving ground is the busiest Army test center in the nation.
Yuma Proving Ground features one of the longest overland artillery ranges (40 miles) in the nation, the most highly instrumented helicopter armament test range in the Department of Defense, over 200 miles of improved road courses for testing tracked and wheeled vehicles, over 1,000 miles of fiber-optic cable linking test locations, the most modern mine test facility in the western hemisphere, and simulated overseas urban areas specifically constructed to defeat the threat of improvised explosive devices.
Yuma Proving Ground is the busiest test location within the Army for testing unmanned aircraft systems (UAV/UAS). Six airfields are located at the proving ground, with extensive UAV and UAS testing offered through restricted airspace over a variety of terrain conditions, from gentle valleys to craggy peaks.
YPG's testers have the expertise to accommodate every phase of the developmental process: "We have the infrastructure here to easily move from testing one level of platform maturity to another," said Pat Franklin, a test director for YPG's Aviation Systems Branch. "It's good synergy for the private industry customer."
NASA has taken advantage of the proving ground’s parachute expertise for many years by frequently testing parachute systems for space capsules. Friendly overseas nations also have conducted tests at the proving ground—Britain, Canada, Germany, France, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, and others.
The AH-64 Apache helicopter, developed by Boeing, underwent all development testing in Yuma, and continues to be a frequent visitor today. Over 100,000 desert testing miles were put on the M-1 Abrams tank during its development cycle, with another 36,000 grueling road miles put on the Bradley Fighting Vehicle.
Barry M. Goldwater Complex
The Barry M. Goldwater Complex is a vast training range for U.S. and allied pilots. The range consists of 1.9 million acres of relatively undisturbed Sonoran Desert southwest of Luke Air Force Base between Yuma and Tucson south of Interstate 8. Overhead are 57,000 cubic miles of airspace where pilots practice air-to-air maneuvers and engage simulated battlefield targets on the ground. Roughly the size of Connecticut, the immense size of the complex allows for simultaneous training activities on nine air-to-ground and two air-to-air ranges. The Luke Air Force Base Range Management Office manages the eastern range activities and Marine Corps Air Station Yuma oversees operations on the western portion.
More than 50 aircrews and aircraft can simultaneously operate on the range while performing many independent training missions. The range complex is the nation’s second largest military reservation and has been used by military pilots since September 1941. The range complex is not a permanent military reservation—Congress periodically approves the land to be withdrawn from normal public uses, such as mining, ranching, farming and agriculture, since these activities are incompatible with the military mission.