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Arizona Experience Store

 Mining & Minerals

Women and Culture in Copper Country

By the 1900s, the Arizona territory was a crossroads of tribes, military men, missionaries, American and Mexican prospectors, and travelers. 

The Copper Corridor

Former mining communities of the Copper Corridor businesses are developing a sustainable tourism economy.

Mineral History Timeline

The search for mineral wealth defines Arizona’s human history.

100 Years of Arizona’s Best: The Minerals that Made the State

Mines and miners built the Arizona we know today. Tour early copper towns, explore lost crystal caves, and discover the how our mineral history shaped the state.

Gem of a Show Blog


Arizona's Copper Legacy

The legacy of copper mining and Arizona.


We are pleased to recognize the Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Foundation as the presenting sponsor of the Virtual Arizona Experience.

About Mason Coggin
Mason Coggin Collection

Yavapai, Oro Belle mine

Mason Coggin Collection

Drilling rig in Quarry Canyon in Cochise County, early 1900s

Mason Coggin Collection

Miners in front of an underground shaft

Mason Coggin Collection

Miners in ore carts being pulled by a mule

Mason Coggin Collection

Loading RR cars from mill at the C and A Mine

Mason Coggin Collection

People at the top of an early mine shaft

Mason Coggin Collection

Miners resting in an underground cave. Once fairly common sources of mineral deposits, many caves were destroyed as the minerals were removed.

Mason Coggin Collection

Head frame & cable building at the Oliver Mine

Mason Coggin Collection

Head frame & mill at the Gardner Mine in Cochise County

Mason Coggin Collection

Miners bracing ceiling

Mason Coggin Collection

Hauling miners around underground

Mason Coggin Collection

Early miners underground

Mason Coggin Collection

Miner drilling

Mason Coggin Collection

Miners in the early 1900s

Mason Coggin Collection

Drill holes after blast. The carbide head lamps worn by these miners were developed in 1987 but did not become popular until the 1920's.

Mason Coggin Collection

Machines bracing ceiling in the 1950's

Mason Coggin Collection

Miner drilling in the 1950's

Mason Coggin Collection

Miners inspecting ore face

Mason Coggin Collection

Loading ore cars

Mason Coggin Collection

Ore trains replaced mule carts

Mason Coggin Collection

Miner dumping ore

Mason Coggin Collection

Miners bracing ceiling

Mason Coggin Collection

Miner using scrapping machine

Mason Coggin Collection

Miners using drilling machine

Mason Coggin Collection

Miners underground

Mason Coggin Collection

Working on a rock face

Mason Coggin Collection

Workers and machinery in the Lavender Pit, 1950's

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Past Features

Arizona is known as one of the richest mineral zones in the world.

Dr. Mary Poulton, head of the University of Arizona’s mining engineering program, believes...

The Miners’ Story Project is an oral history and documentary project designed to preserve the...

Arizona has led copper production in the U.S. since 1910 and still enjoys that distinction,...

With 350 quarries of minerals and rocks and a total economic impact of $2.86 billion, Arizona’s...

Jeff Scovil’s mineral images are esteemed by scientists, sought after by collectors, and...